A hard drive is the storehouse of all the data on our PC. It is like a boon that allows us to store a significant amount of our valuable data. But, the hard drive can also have a life, and it does demand maintenance and repair after a certain amount of time, and it is mandatory to provide it. How can you know it is the time to do so? Well, the computer helps you with this too. You might come across an error saying, “Windows detected a hard disk problem,” which directly indicates the defect in your hard drive.

windows detected a hard disk problem

To fix this error, Run SFC to Fix the System File, CHKDSK, and Surface Test. The error keeps on popping up until you fix the problem that your hard drive has. The error pops up at a regular interval of 5 to 10 minutes. Of course, it might get annoying after a point. But should you be annoyed by it? No, you should not. Instead, it would be best to consider it helpful as it keeps giving you an omen about your hard drive failure or your system getting crashed.

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If the problem is not fixed as early as possible, it might lead to a system crash, data loss, etc. This is the reason why this error has been attached to a tag of being critical. And so you must know why it occurs and ways to solve it as soon as possible. Keep reading this article to find out.

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Why does Windows Detected a Hard Disk Problem Error Occur?

There are many reasons to cause this error. Generally, it is generated by system errors such as fragmented files, virus detection, malware programs, RAM decline, registry error, etc., due to hard drive failure. The primary reasons for hard disk failure can be listed below.hard disk problem error

  1. The hard disk might have been a logical or mechanical error victim. Such errors occur because of file system corruption or some mechanical damage.
  2. The hard disk might be virus prone. Once a virus has caused damage to your hard drive, even if the anti-virus software has removed the virus, the system cannot be restored to normalcy. This damage leads to the failure of the hard disk. So, you should take utmost care of the hard drive and keep it away from viruses or malware.
  3. The system files might be damaged. They are hurt if some program has been installed incompletely or critical files have been deleted unknowingly or by an improper computer shutdown. Once the damage has been done to the system file, the incorrect or missing links lead to the wrong working of the system.
  4. You can also be a significant reason for failing your computer’s hard disk. Yes, you could have unintentionally tried changing the registry settings, file properties, location, installed improper plug-ins, etc. Such false actions lead to cause system damage.

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How to Fix Windows Detected a Hard Disk Problem Error?

Now that we know some of the primary reasons for the occurrence of the Windows Detected Hard Disk Problem error, we need to fix it. There are a couple of ways to do so, which are listed below.

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Method #1 Use System File Checker

Windows itself provides a way to solve most of the errors it generates. Users might consider these errors very serious, but they are simple to fix. This simple tool is the standard solution for all such errors. You might not know which files are essential for the system and whether they are working correctly or not. So, System File Checker will check the files for you and handle integrity issues, if any. Follow the following steps to start system file checking.

1. Click on the Start button. Type “cmd” in the search box & right-click on the Command prompt to choose Run as administrator.

command prompt run as administrator

3. Then, click YES if prompted by User Account Control (UAC). Type “sfc /scannow” in the Command Prompt and press Enter.


This will initiate the system file check process, which is a speedy process, and as a result, it will show if there are any integrity violations. Ensure you do not close the window before the 100% scan is completed. Most probably, this would fix Windows detected a hard disk problem.

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Method #2 Run Chkdsk

If the first method did not help, don’t worry; try the process mentioned below. You can also follow our in-depth guide on how to run Chkdsk in Windows 10 OS.

1. At first, Press Win+E keys together to Open File Explorer. Now, click on This PC from the left panel.

this pc

3. After that, right-click on the hard drive you wish to repair. Click on Properties.

hard disk properties

5. Navigate to the Tools tab from the window. Then click on Check under Error checking.

click on check to run chkdsk

The primary function of chkdsk is to check and repair any errors for NTFS and FAT file systems. So, if the main reason for the Windows Detected a Hard Disk Problem error is a file system error, then this method should fix it.

NOTE: - There is a risk of data loss in using chkdsk, so to be on a safe side, take 
a backup of all your data before implementing this method.

Method #3 Disable the Error Notification

There might be some cases in which even if there’s no physical, mechanical, or logical damage to your hard disk, Windows still keeps popping up the error message. In such a situation, when you’re sure your hard drive is not at fault, this feature that shows the error gets annoying, and you would certainly want to turn it off on your system. Follow these steps to turn off this feature.

1. At First, Press the Win+R keys together to open Run. Type “gpedit. msc” in the prompt on the window and press Enter.


3. Navigate to Administrative Templates > System > Troubleshooting and Diagnostics > Disk Diagnostics. After that, double-click on Disk Diagnostics: Configure execution level from the right panel.

disk diagnostics: configure execution level

5. Tick Disable & hit OK.


Restart the computer afterward, and the error message’s pop-up won’t come.

These steps would turn off the feature that generates the error message. Before doing so, you should be sure that the Windows is causing the error unnecessarily and that your hard disk is in perfect condition and does not need any repair.

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Method #4 Check & Repair Bad Sectors

Another thing that you can do is use third-party tools. See, if you are unaware of all the Windows administration things, you can download and install any software that does so. Various hard disk partition manager tools exist, such as EaseUS Partition Master or Paragon Partition Manager. It is a free tool that helps you find and repair bad sectors in a hard disk/drive. Here are the step-by-step instructions:

1. At first, Download the EaseUS Partition Master free from the official website.

easeus partition master

2. Install and launch the Partition Master once you finish the setup.

run easeus partition master

3. Right-click on the hard drive partition (Such as D: in my case) that you want to fix by clicking Check Partition.

easeus check partition

4. Select the method you wish to check: Check Partition Properties, Call Windows Chkdsk.exe to fix errors if found errors, Surface Test, etc.

methods to check partition

5. Click OK.

click ok

6. let EaseUS Partition Master automatically find and repair the errors for you.

surface test

You can quickly resolve complex disk problems with partition manager software. This will start the checking process, which may take some time, depending on the hard disk size and partitions. As the bad sectors will be repaired, you need to take a backup of any critical data on the drive.

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The only drawback of using this method for bad sectors is that it cannot be repaired if the sector is physically damaged. It will solve the Windows Detected Hard Disk Problem error in other cases.

Method #5 Using the Hard Disk Diagnostic Tool

If the above-prescribed methods didn’t work for you, you can download and install diagnostic tools for your Hard Disk. Check the manufacturer of your hard disk and search for the particular device on their website.

Here are some links to get started:

  1. The Windows Surface Scanner by DTI Data is a Chkdsk alternative that can fix Hard Drive Bad Sectors.
  2. You can also try Seagate SeaTools as a diagnostic application that will guide you in determining the condition of your disk drive’s health. You can also use it for an external hard drive as well.
  3. Another remarkable tool is HDD Bad Sectors Repair. Its function is to repair Maxtor hard drives.
  4. Data Lifeguard Diagnostic is available for all Windows devices. It is used for drive identification, diagnostics, and repairing almost every hard disk.

Try any method & it will resolve Windows detected hard disk problem issue.

If all the above methods fail, you must face the fact that it is a physical hardware issue and might consider replacing the hard drive.

Method #6 Send Hard Disk to Repair Centre

If none of the methods above did any help, then the only reason for the Windows Detected a Hard Disk Problem error would be physical damage to the hard drive. This indicates that you must contact a repair center to complete the repairs.send hard disk to repair centre

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How to Backup the Hard Disk?

Most of the steps mentioned above ask you to back up your hard disk because there is a chance of data loss. So, to keep all your data intact, you need to back up your hard drive. Taking a backup from one partition to another is easy; all you need to do is Copy and Paste. But, if you wish to clone your entire hard disk, the EaseUS Partition Master application, mentioned earlier, helps you do that very quickly. It is a very flexible process, and as it is free of cost, it is also beneficial. Follow these steps to clone your hard disk:

1. At First, Download & Install EaseUS Partition Master.

easeus partition master

2. Now, launch the application on your system.

run easeus partition master

3. After that, Navigate to Wizard>Clone disk wizard from the menu.

clone disk wizard

4. Now, select the source disk that you want to clone.

source disk

5. Choose the destination disk after that & click Next.

destination disk

6. A confirmation box will pop up asking to delete the data & partitions on the destination disk. Click Yes. Now, resize partitions on the destination disk & click OK.

resize partitions on destination disk

If the operations are correct, click Apply.

The cloning speed depends on the amount of data to be copied, the clone mode selected, and the disk’s speed. So, have patience, and you can get your data back up.


What should I do about Windows detecting a hard disk issue?

Perform these instructions if Windows notices a hard disk issue: Make a copy of important documents right away. Utilize tools to check the SMART status of your disks. Make a backup of all important papers right away. Consider changing out the damaged hard drive if the problems persist. If you require assistance, consult an IT expert.

What does the hard drive issue alert mean?

An alert for a hard drive issue means that the computer's storage device, typically the hard disk drive (HDD) or solid-state drive (SSD), is malfunctioning. Data corruption, impending hardware failure, faulty sectors, and other problems that influence the drive's performance and dependability could all be among these difficulties. It's essential to respond to the alarm right away by backing up data, identifying, and fixing the underlying issue.

How can a damaged hard disk be repaired?

Hard drive repairs can occasionally get complicated and require professional expertise. Instead, attempt the next few steps for logical problems: For important information, take immediate action. Use Windows' CHKDSK or Linux's fsck to resolve file system problems. Utilize data recovery software to retrieve data. Contact a data recovery expert if data recovery is required. Please keep in mind that physical damage may necessitate professional assistance or drive replacement.

Why does my computer identify my hard drive but not display it?

A faulty drive letter, a troublesome partition, or an issue with the file system may be at play if your computer detects the existence of a hard drive but doesn't display it. Tools for disk administration, such as Windows Disk administration, can be used to assign a drive letter, modify partitions, or fix file system issues to enable proper access to and display hard drives.


So these were some methods to solve the Windows Detected a Hard Disk Problem error. I hope you found them helpful. Use them to keep your system safe from crashing or data loss. Make sure that you back up the data on your hard disk as soon as you receive this error message for the first time, even if you feel it is unnecessary. Taking a risk by not backing the data up might lead you to lose your essential data. So, backup and stay updated.


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